My Research’s Primary Sources

Posters, leaflets, pamphlets and other forms of propaganda were mainly retrieved from the following Archives/Libraries:

Lopez Memorial Museum (Pasig City)

Military Archives of the National Institute for Defense Studies (Tokyo)

National Archives and Records Administration (NARA, College Park, Maryland)

Rizal Library, Ateneo de Manila University (Quezon City)

Tokyo University Institute of Social Information and Communication Studies’ (ISICS, Tokyo)

University of the Philippines Archives (Japanese Occupation Papers, Quezon City)

Other materials:

Abe, Yutaka and Gerardo de Leon. 1944. Dawn of Freedom. Tōhō Productions.

Bunka Hōkōkai (文化奉公會). 1942. Daitōa Sensō Rikugun Hōdō Han-in Shuki: Marei Dengekisen (大東亜戦争陸軍報道班員手記:マレー電撃戦, Malay Electric War: Memoirs of Members of the Great East Asia War Propaganda Unit). Tokyo: Dainihon Yūbenkai Kōdansha.

Funayama Shinichi (船山信一). March 1942. Daitōa Sensō to Shinbunka no (大東亜戦争と新文化の理念, East Asia War and the Idea of New Culture). Chūō Kōron. pp 39-48.

Hino Ashihei (火野葦平), Shibata Kenjirō (柴田賢次郎), Ishizaka Yōjirō (石坂洋次郎), Ueda Hiroshi (上田広), Miki Kiyoshi (三木清), Kon Hidemi (今日出海), Sawamura Tsutomu (澤村), Yamada Sadao (安田貞雄), Ozaki Shirō (尾崎士郎). December 1943. Hitō Fudo Ki (比島風土記, Accounts on Philippine Climate). Tokyo: Koyama Shoten.

Hitō Chōsa Iinkai (比島調査委員会, Philippine Research Commission). 1993. Gokuhi Hitō Chōsa Hōkoku (極秘比島調査報告, Top Secret Reports of the Philippine Research Commission) Vol. 1-2. Volume 1 compiled and commented by Nakano Satoshi, Hayase Shinzō, and Terada Takefumi. Volume 2 compiled and commented by Nakano Yoshiko. Tokyo: Ryūkei Shosha.

Hitōha Kengun Hōdōbu (比島派遣軍報道部, Military Propaganda Corps Dispatched to the Philippines). 1943. Hitō Senki (比島戦記, Philippine War Record). Tokyo: Dainihon Insatsu.

Ishizaka Yōjirō (石坂洋次郎). 1977. Mayon no Kemuri (マヨンの煙, Mount Mayon’s Smoke). Tokyo: Shūei-sha.

Kon Hidemi (今日出海). 1978. Sanchū Hōrō (山中放浪, Wandering in the Mountains). Tokyo: Chūō Kōronsha.

____________________. March 1949. “Miki Kiyoshi ni Okeru Ningen no Kenkyū (三木清における人間の研究, Study on Humanity in Miki Kiyoshi).” Shinchō (新潮). pp 35-51.

____________________. 1944. Hitō Jūgun (比島従軍, Philippine Campaign). Tokyo: Sōgensha.

Miki Kiyoshi (三木清). 1968. Miki Kiyoshi Zenshū (三木清全集, Anthology of Works by Miki Kiyoshi) (20 Volumes). Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten. Most of Miki Kiyoshi’s works regarding the Philippines is in Vol. 15.

____________________. March 1943. “Firipin (Philippines).” Chūō Kōron. pp 58-67.

____________________. February 1943. “Hitōjin no Tōyō-teki Seikaku (The Western Character of Filipinos).” Kaizō. pp 46-65. Originally published in eight parts in the magazine Minami Jūji Sei (南十字星 or Southern Cross) in December 1941.

Office for Emergency Management, Office of War Information. “Analyses of Japanese Broadcasts, June 1942 to October 1845.” Series from Record Group 208: Records of the Office of War Information, 1926 – 1951. Retrieved from Archives II Reference Section (Civilian), Textual Archives Services Division (NWCT2R[C]), National Archives at College Park.

Rōyama Masamichi (蝋山政道). October 1942. “Daitōa Seiji no Kichō to Tenbō (大東亜政治の基調と展望, Keynotes and View on the Greater East Asia Government). Kaizō. pp 22-27.

Terashita Tatsuo (寺下辰夫). 1967. Sanpagita Saku Sensen de (サンパギタ咲く戦線で, Warfront where Sampaguita Grows). Tokyo: Doriim Shuppan.

Watari Shūdan Hōdō-bu (渡集団報通部, 14th Army Propaganda Corps). 1996. Daijūyon-gun Gunsendenhan: Senden Kōsaku Shiryō Shū (第十四軍軍宣伝班:宣伝工作資料集, Compilation of Propaganda Materials of the 14th Army Propaganda Corps). Two Volumes compiled and summarized by Hitomi Junsuke (人見潤介), Nakano Satoshi (中野聡), and Terami Motoe (寺見元恵). Tokyo: Kumatani Shoten.



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